Education has become a priority in the United States, especially among the wealthy classes due to their children’s future being at stake. According to a recent study conducted by the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, only two countries scored higher than the U.S. on average – Finland and Korea. Education is considered a right to those who live here, not just a privilege. Students throughout the country have been fighting for years to receive good teachers and education, and many believe that they’re finally getting somewhere. In fact, there are now enough teachers to go around – although many students still remain without proper training.
This report shows how much progress we’ve made as a nation, yet how many obstacles still exist. We hope that this report sheds some light on the current state of our classrooms and how things may need to change in order to improve.
Education is a fundamental human right in the United States. In 1868, Thomas Jefferson and James Madison wrote the first draft of what would later become the Constitution of the United States, stating that “the liberty of man his birthright” and that no citizen should ever “be deprived of the use and benefit of it natural faculties unless by the law of the land.
In 1865, President Andrew Johnson signed into law the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. This act enabled the federal government to provide funding and support for education between kindergarten and graduation. In 1870, Congress passed the Hatch Act, which established teacher certification requirements. Teachers who received certification were then eligible for a salary and working conditions. Over time, these laws were expanded and refined, thus establishing the present school system in the U.S.
The United States educational system is divided into three distinct groups. There are elementary schools, middle schools, and high schools. Each group serves a different purpose.
Elementary schools are designed to teach young pupils how to read, write, count, and do basic math. By the fifth grade, students begin studying world history, science, literature, and art. Middle schools are designed to help prepare students for college.
High schools focus on preparing students for careers in the real world. The majority of high school courses require students to take standardized tests – such as the SAT or ACT – in order to qualify them to attend universities. Universities play an equally important role in the United States. Many colleges offer four-year degrees.
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